TMJ / TMD
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a dental condition that affects the facial muscles and jaw. There are more than 10 million people who are afflicted by TMD and some that have not even been diagnosed. TMJ or the temporomandibular joint is the usual cause for TMD. The temporomandibular joint is what connects the skull to the jaw. When a person who suffers from TMJ acquires a trauma or injury they may be unable to move their jaw as they should and this disease often causes problems with chewing or speaking. This condition can be frustrating, painful, and uncomfortable.
What are the symptoms of TMD?
While the actual causes of TMD are unknown, some trained professionals think that stress, crooked and or missing teeth and Bruxism are all causes of TMD. Some professionals think that arthritis in the jaw or even in some cases the dislocation in the ball socket of your jawbone. Some of the symptoms can include:
- Pain and Tenderness in the jaw and face area
- Clicking noise in the jaw when chewing
- Inability to open mouth completely
- Facial swelling
- Locking of Jaw bone when opening or closing the mouth
How is TMD diagnosed?
Before an oral examination is started, your dental professional will ask you any questions about possible TMD/TMJ symptoms. Please inform your dentist of any conditions to help the process be more thorough. A typical examination will check for mobility, and determine if there is any inflammation or tenderness. The dentist will also check for bite issues and the overall state of your teeth. There are some cases where a dentist may take x-rays of your mouth in order to get a better picture of your jawbone and even see the TMJ.
How can a dentist help me if I have TMD?
Along with previously discussed treatments, your dentist may also recommend braces, implants or even having you fitted with bridges or crowns to help fix any bite that are further irritating your TMD. If the condition is caused by stress then you could be prescribed muscle relaxers to allow you to rest and no longer clench your jaw (thus causing TMD).
Call 512-331-1477 or email us today to schedule your consultation with Dr. Justin D’Abadie or Dr. Jaya Hiremath, if you believe that you might suffer from TMD. Drs. D’Abadie and Hiremath have dealt with a variety of TMJ/TMD cases and can help you to alleviate the pain you are experiencing as a result of TMD.