TMJ / TMD
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a dental condition that affects the facial muscles and jaw. There are more than 10 million people who are afflicted by TMD. TMJ or the temporomandibular joint is the main cause for TMD. The temporomandibular joint is what connects the skull to the jaw. When a person who suffers from TMJ acquires trauma or injury, they may be unable to move their jaw. This disease often causes problems with chewing or speaking and can be frustrating, painful, and uncomfortable.
What are the symptoms of TMD?
While the actual causes of TMD are unknown, some trained professionals think that stress, crooked or missing teeth, as well as bruxism are all causes of TMD. Still, some professionals think that arthritis in the jaw or even in some cases the dislocation in the ball socket of your jawbone can cause this condition.
Some of the symptoms can include:
- Pain and Tenderness in the jaw and face area
- Clicking noise in the jaw when chewing
- Inability to open mouth completely
- Facial swelling
- Locking of Jaw bone when opening or closing the mouth
How is TMD diagnosed?
Before an oral examination, your dental professional will ask you questions about possible TMD/TMJ symptoms. Please inform your dentist of any conditions to help the process be more thorough. A typical examination will check for mobility and determine if there is any inflammation or tenderness. The dentist will also check for bite issues and the overall condition of your teeth. There are some cases where a dentist may take X-rays of your mouth in order to get a better picture of your jawbone to check for TMJ.
How can a dentist help me if I have TMD?
Along with previously discussed treatments, your dentist may also recommend braces, implants or even fit you with bridges or crowns to help fix any bite issues that are irritating your TMD. If the condition is caused by stress then you could be prescribed muscle relaxers to allow you to rest and prevent you from clenching your jaw (which can cause TMD).
Call 512-331-1477 or email us today to schedule your consultation with one of our highly regarded dental professionals if you believe that you might suffer from TMD. Advanced Dental Care of Austin has dealt with a variety of TMJ/TMD cases and can help you to alleviate the pain you are experiencing as a result of TMD.
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